Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, specifically disease-causing microorganisms. Microbiology is responsible for identifying infectious agents in blood, urine, sputum, feces, cerebrospinal fluid and other body fluids. The infectious agents are then tested for sensitivity to certain antibiotics used to treat infections.

Microbiology uses various techniques to identify microorganisms, including :

  • Chemical, immunological, and genetic tests
  • Examination under a microscope
  • Staining

Common Microbiology Tests

  • Blood culture
  • Culture and sensitivity of burns and wounds
  • Sputum culture
  • Stool culture
  • Urine culture