Immunology and Serology

Immunology and Serology

Immunology is the study of the body's immune system and its functions and disorders. Serology is the study of blood serum (the clear fluid that separates when blood clots).

Immunology and serology laboratories focus on :

  • Identifying antibodies (proteins made by a type of white blood cell in response to an antigen -- a foreign protein -- in the body)
  • Investigating problems with the immune system such as autoimmune diseases (when the body's immune system turns on its own tissues) and immunodeficiency disorders (when a body's immune system is underactive)
  • Determining organ compatibility for transplantation

Common immunology and serology tests :

  • Immunoglobins
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL)
  • HLA Typing (Human leukocyte antigens)