Hematology is the study of blood and its disorders. Hematologists, board-certified internists, look specifically at blood components such as blood count, and blood and bone marrow cells. Hematology tests can help diagnose anemia, hemophilia, blood-clotting disorders, and leukemia.
Common Hematology Tests:
- Complete blood count (CBC), which includes: white blood cell count (WBC) red blood cell count (RBC) platelet count hematocrit red blood cell volume(HCT) hemoglobin concentration (HB) - the oxygen-carrying pigment in red blood cells differential blood count
- Platelet count
- Prothrombin time (PT)
- Urinalysis, which includes physical examination of color, pH level, and gravity; chemical analysis for blood, proteins, glucose, and other substances; and microscopic examination of the red and white blood cells, bacteria, and other substances